Created in Collaboration With the VGL Parentage/Genetic Marker Report

Quick Summary

This DNA-based parentage test uses microsatellite marker analysis to compare the DNA profile of an offspring to the profiles of possible parents.

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A DNA profile of species-specific microsatellite markers is obtained from the offspring, potential dam, and potential sire(s), and parentage analysis is performed using this data. In this process, a computer program compares the DNA profile of the offspring to the profiles of the presumed parents. Candidate sires and dams may either qualify or be excluded as parents based on whether they share microsatellite marker alleles with the offspring. A parentage analyst then reviews the results and sends the final report. If a listed parent or parents are excluded, additional analysis is performed, including retesting of samples and the possible use of additional DNA markers to confirm the exclusion.

You can read more about the process of DNA parentage analysis HERE.

Turnaround Time
At least 15 business days; may be delayed beyond 15 business days if sample requires additional testing, or a new sample is requested.

$44 one test per animal

Sample Collection

Pig DNA tests are carried out using cells from the roots of a hair sample (roughly 20-30 hairs).

Hair samples should be coarse hair from the body, tail area, between toes, or inside an ear.


Pig hair sampling
Sampling coarse body hair on a pig using fingers (left) or pliers (right)

   1.  Clean (use comb if possible) by removing all loose hair and foreign matter.

   2.  Use fingers or pliers to grasp approximately 8-10 hairs close to the skin and pull. Pull (do NOT cut) hair strands. Examine the end of hair strands for presence of root bulbs. Hair roots are necessary for DNA testing. If the majority of hair strands lack the root bulbs, discard hair and start again.

   3.  Repeat until you have approximately 20-30 hairs with root follicles attached.

   4.  Place the 20-30 hairs with root follicles attached in the envelope and seal with the animal’s ID written on the envelope.

   5.  Repeat steps 1-4 for each additional animal being sampled.


 -  Hair should be dry.

 -  If hair has excess dirt and debris, please brush out if possible before pulling hairs for sample.

 -  Do not cut the hair! The roots contain the DNA for testing.

 -  When sampling several animals in the same session, make sure that there are no hair strands in your hands to reduce the possibility of sample contamination. Clean hands and/or pliers if possible.

Additional Details

In pigs, the following microsatellite markers are reported: