UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Genetics Laboratory
Freemartin Testing - Cattle

A freemartin is defined as a female that is born as a twin with a male and is sterile as a result of exposure to masculinizing hormones produced by the male. A connection between the two fetal circulatory systems develops early in gestation (anastomosis) and leads to the exchange of blood between the fetuses. Exposure to male hormones leads to underdevelopment of the female's reproductive tract. Over ninety percent of females born co-twin to male are infertile.

Allow 2-6 business days for results.

Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, Tel 530-752-2211, Email VGL